- What do judges base their decisions on?
- Do judges always agree with the verdicts?
- What happens after a not guilty verdict?
- What four rights does every juror have?
- What should you not say in court?
- Does acquittal mean not guilty?
- Why does the judge question prospective jury before selection?
- What happens if a juror falls asleep?
- Is a jury verdict a final judgment?
- What do judges say at the beginning of court?
- Do all 12 jurors have to agree for a guilty verdict?
- Is it better to plead or go to trial?
- What type of evidence is generally not admissible at trial?
- What percentage of juries are hung?
- Can a judge overturn a jury’s verdict if he she disagrees with them?
- How a lawyer asks the judge to make a decision?
- Is acquittal same as not guilty?
- What happens if a judge is biased?
- What does the judge say at the end?
- Why you should never take a plea bargain?
- Can you call Judge Sir?
- What happens if one juror says not guilty?
- How does a judge read the verdict?
- Does the judge decide if someone is guilty?
- Who decides judge or jury?
- What questions do lawyers ask potential jurors?
- Who decides if a case goes to trial?
What do judges base their decisions on?
Judges base their decisions on precedents set in similar cases..
Do judges always agree with the verdicts?
In other words, each and every member of a given jury must agree in order to acquit or convict the defendant. … But judges must be careful not to go too far—appeals courts will overturn convictions where judges have coerced juries into verdicts.
What happens after a not guilty verdict?
Essentially, a verdict of not guilty is an acquittal. If a jury or judge finds you not guilty of a criminal charge, you are acquitted and your case is closed. … A trial judge or an appeals court can also determine that the evidence of guilt presented by the prosecution wasn’t sufficient, and then acquit the defendant.
What four rights does every juror have?
Despite their differing constitutions, all four states have held that a jury has, at most, the power to acquit a guilty man, not the right, and should not be told that it may ignore or nullify the law.
What should you not say in court?
8 Things You Should Never Say to a Judge While in CourtAnything that sounds memorized. Speak in your own words. … Anything angry. Keep your calm no matter what. … ‘They didn’t tell me … ‘ That’s not their problem. … Any expletives. You might get thrown in jail. … Any of these specific words. … Anything that’s an exaggeration. … Anything you can’t amend. … Any volunteered information.
Does acquittal mean not guilty?
In criminal law, to acquit a person means to clear that person of criminal charges for a criminal offence. This may occur after the court has found that a person is not guilty of a crime, or after the court or prosecution determine that the case should not continue after the trial has commenced.
Why does the judge question prospective jury before selection?
The judge and the attorneys then ask the potential jurors questions to determine their suitability to serve on the jury, a process called voir dire. The purpose of voir dire is to exclude from the jury people who may not be able to decide the case fairly.
What happens if a juror falls asleep?
Defendants should present evidence that a juror is sleeping or inattentive as soon as possible. Courts usually won’t grant a motion for a mistrial or new trial if the defense knew that a juror was sleeping or inattentive but didn’t bring it up until the end of trial.
Is a jury verdict a final judgment?
A verdict of guilty in a criminal case is generally followed by a judgment of conviction rendered by judge, which in turn be followed by sentencing. In U.S. legal nomenclature, the verdict is the finding of the jury on the questions of fact submitted to it. … The judgment of the court is the final order in the case.
What do judges say at the beginning of court?
NOTE TO ALL PARTICIPANTS: Always address the judge by saying “Your Honor.” Opening of Trial: Bailiff: Please rise. The Court of the Second Judicial Circuit, Criminal Division, is now in session, the Honorable Judge _________________________ presiding.
Do all 12 jurors have to agree for a guilty verdict?
All jurors should deliberate and vote on each issue to be decided in the case. … In a civil case, the judge will tell you how many jurors must agree in order to reach a verdict. In a criminal case, the unanimous agreement of all 12 jurors is required.
Is it better to plead or go to trial?
Pleading guilty allows a criminal defendant to resolve a case more quickly and avoid the uncertainty of a trial. Juries can be unpredictable and more evidence may be uncovered by the prosecution; a guilty plea avoids this uncertainty. Trials can be very expensive.
What type of evidence is generally not admissible at trial?
The general rule is that all irrelevant evidence is inadmissible and all relevant evidence is admissible. There are two basic factors that are considered when determining whether evidence is admissible or not: Relevant – The evidence must prove or disprove an important fact in the criminal case.
What percentage of juries are hung?
Juries that hung on all counts occurred least frequently (8 percent of cases studied). Juries hung on the first count of the indict- ment (generally the most serious charge) in 10 percent of cases and on at least one count charged in 13 percent of cases.
Can a judge overturn a jury’s verdict if he she disagrees with them?
The High Court found that a trial judge is able to direct a jury to return a verdict of not guilty where a verdict of guilty would be ‘unsafe or unsatisfactory. … So, all in all, courts can intervene to either direct the outcome of a case – or overturn a verdict of guilty – but these situations are rare.
How a lawyer asks the judge to make a decision?
brief – A written statement submitted by the lawyer for each side in a case that explains to the judge(s) why they should decide the case (or a particular part of a case) in favor of that lawyer’s client.
Is acquittal same as not guilty?
“Not guilty” and “acquittal” are synonymous. A verdict of not guilty constitutes an acquittal. … At trial, an acquittal occurs when the jury (or the judge if it’s a judge trial) determines that the prosecution hasn’t proved the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. (But see Jury Nullification.)
What happens if a judge is biased?
A judge affected by actual bias would be unable to comply with the Judicial Oath, and would be disqualified from sitting. In such a case, the question for determination is whether there is bias in fact.
What does the judge say at the end?
The Judge will now pass sentence of the verdict is GUILTY or release the Defendant if found NOT GUILTY. The Judge will then say, “This court is adjourned.” The Bailiff will say, “All rise”. When everybody is standing, the Judge will leave the bench.
Why you should never take a plea bargain?
In addition, a guilty plea May haunt you for the rest of your life because it may result in a guilty finding that cannot be expunged from your record. In addition, if you’re found guilty and placed on a period of Probation, and during that period of probation you violate, you could be facing substantial jail time.
Can you call Judge Sir?
In person: In an interview, social event, or in court, address a judge as “Your Honor” or “Judge [last name].” If you are more familiar with the judge, you may call her just “Judge.” In any context, avoid “Sir” or “Ma’am.”
What happens if one juror says not guilty?
In order to be convicted, the jury must unanimously vote “guilty.” If 1 juror votes not guilty but all the rest vote guilty and the jury is deadlocked, in other words, they cannot come to a unanimous decision, then there is a hung jury.
How does a judge read the verdict?
Judge says, “You may read the verdict.” Jury foreperson reads the verdict. Judge makes sure the verdict is unanimous by saying, “So say you all?” to which the entire Jury should respond, “Yes, Your Honor.” Judge talks about sentencing.
Does the judge decide if someone is guilty?
The trial is a structured process where the facts of a case are presented to a jury, and they decide if the defendant is guilty or not guilty of the charge offered. … In a trial, the judge — the impartial person in charge of the trial — decides what evidence can be shown to the jury.
Who decides judge or jury?
In New South Wales, a defendant charged with an indictable offence who has a right to trial by jury may elect to be tried by a judge alone (Criminal Procedure Act 1986, section 132). A jury verdict can only be appealed against if there is a serious error of law or serious misdirection by the trial judge.
What questions do lawyers ask potential jurors?
Attorneys ask questions of potential jurors to determine juror attitudes, biases, and their ability to truly be an impartial juror. The attorneys will inquire about you personally, and will also ask questions about your friends, families, and acquaintances.
Who decides if a case goes to trial?
The trial court’s discretion. A judge, not a jury, hears child custody matters in civil district court. Because the trial judge has the opportunity to see the parties and witnesses firsthand, the judge may exercise broad discretion in making a custody determination.